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Haikou

Updated: 2017-12-21

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An aerial view of Haikou [Photo/www.haikou.gov.cn]

Haikou, a capital city of Hainan province, lies in the north of Hainan Island. It borders on Qiongzhou Strait in the north, and is separated from the mainland for about 18 nautical miles. It is contiguous to Qiongshan (a city) in the southeast, and is close to Chengmai County in the west. 

The city covers a total area of 3145.93 square kilometers, with 2,284.49 sq km of land area and 861.44 sq km of sea area. Its construction area of modern city is 140.59 sq km. 

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Overpasses of Haikou [Photo/www.haikou.gov.cn]

The ecological environment in Haikou is optimal. In terms of air quality, it is regarded as the best city compared to all the large and medium sized cities in the country. The quality of the groundwater in Haikou is fine, basically the quality of mineral water. Nowadays, 36.7 percent of the city area is covered with green plants. The forestation rate is 40 percent, and the average public green belt is 8.5 sq km. 

With a good environment and excellent air quality, Haikou is a national historical and cultural city and a famous tropical coastal tourist destination.

The main cultural landscapes in Haikou are the Five-lord Temple, Hairui Tomb, Qilou Old Street, Xiuying Fort and Qiongtai Academy; the Qilou Old Street was among the first sites placed on the "Famous Chinese Historical and Cultural Street". Famous natural scenic spots include the China Leiqiong Haikou Volcanic Cluster Global Geopark, the Dongzhai Harbour National Nature Reserve, the Dongshan Tropical Wildlife Park and Botanical Garden, and Evergreen Park.

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Haikou's Qilou Old Street [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

Convenient transportation further promotes its tourism and economic development. The Meilan International Airport lies in Meilan Town, Qiongshan, Hainan province, twenty-five kilometers away from the downtown area of Haikou. It is an important domestic airport that was constructed to the 4E standard of the International Civil Aviation Organization. Currently, cities with direct flights to Haikou are Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Harbin, Hefei, Nanjing, Chengdu, Chongqing, Shantou, Shenzhen, Guiyang, Wuhan, Nanchang, Beihai, Lanzhou, Nanning, Xiamen, Changchun, Dalian, Zhengzhou, Jinan, Taiyuan, Shenyang, Fuzhou, Haikou, Changsha, and Kunming. Haikou Port, also known as Xiuying Port, lies in the south of Haikou Bay, facing Leizhou Peninsula across Qiongzhou Strait. The port has 23 domestic routes and 47 international routes leading to almost all domestic ports and over 30 countries and regions including Japan and the United States. Haikou New Port lies in the estuary of the Haidian River. The key task of the port is ferrying passengers and vehicles between Haikou and Hai'an Port in Guangdong province. 

As well as being a winner of the China Habitat Environment Award, Haikou has been granted the titles of China Outstanding Tourism City, National Environmental Protection Model City, National Garden City, National Famous Historical and Cultural City, Advanced National Civilized City, and National City of Excellence for Comprehensive Urban Environmental Renovation.

This fascinating city features the most beautiful scenic promenades, blue skies, seas, sunshine, sandy beaches and coconut palms. With its strong tropical seaside charm, Haikou is becoming a livable Chinese residential paradise.

Official website: 

http://www.haikou.gov.cn/pub/haikou/